Patent Laws in India : Basics You Must Know

Mar 292023
Patent Laws in India Basics You Must Know (1)

Navigating the world of patent laws in India can be daunting for any business owner, especially with so much information to take on board. With the rise of intellectual property protection across different industries, it has become increasingly important to understand how this affects you and your operations. In this blog post, we’ll give you everything you need to know about Indian patents – from filing processes and potential fees involved to tips on navigating the system and common questions answered. Patent attorneys in India provide legal services related to protecting intellectual property rights, including patents, trademarks, and copyrights. Read on as we break down all the basics of patent law in India!

What is Patent Law?

Patent law is a branch of intellectual property law that grants exclusive rights to inventors and innovators for their discoveries. It provides the patent owner with legal protection in the form of an enforceable right to prevent others from making, using, selling, or importing the invention without consent. Patent law is designed to help foster innovation by giving inventors ownership over their creations and encouraging innovation by providing incentives for further experimentation and research. Patents can be broad or very specific, depending on the invention they protect. This ensures that no one else can copy an existing idea or product while allowing room for improvement.

By granting exclusive rights to an inventor’s work, patent law also helps fuel industry competition and encourages further technological advancements. Therefore, patent law plays a crucial role in supporting and promoting innovation.

What are the basics of -Patent Laws you must know?

  1. A patent is an exclusive right given to inventors for a limited period in exchange for the public disclosure of their invention.
  2. Patents protect the inventor by prohibiting others from making, using, or selling the patented invention without permission from the inventor.
  3. To be granted a patent, an invention must meet certain criteria established by law: it must be novel (i.e., new and not previously known), useful, and non-obvious.
  4. Applying for a patent can take several years and involve high costs. Hence, it’s important to understand all aspects before applying with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO).
  5. Once the application is filed, a patent examiner reviews it and may issue an office action requiring the applicant to make changes before the patent can be granted.
  6. Patents are generally valid for 20 years from the filing date, after which they expire and cease providing protection.
  7. An inventor has certain rights even if USPTO does not grant their patent. These include the right to appeal or request a re-examination of the decision and the right to file infringement suits against anyone who uses their invention without permission.
  8. The scope of protection a patent provides varies depending on its claims, which define what type of product or process is protected.
  9. Patent infringement occurs when someone uses, manufactures, or sells a patented invention without the patent holder’s permission.
  10. Infringers can be liable for damages and may be subject to criminal penalties if they knowingly infringe a patent.

Everyone should know these basics of patent laws to understand the process of applying for and enforcing patents. Knowing these key elements will help you make sure your intellectual property is properly protected so that you can reap the rewards of your hard work and creativity.

Duration and Renewal of a Patent in India

If applicable, the patent duration in India is 20 years from the filing date or the priority date. However, in certain circumstances, such as natural disasters or other unforeseen events, an extension may be granted to compensate for time lost due to these disruptions.

Renewal fees must be paid at regular intervals to ensure that the patent remains legally valid during this period. The first renewal fee is payable 6 months before the end of the third year after the grant, and subsequent renewals are required yearly. Renewal fees can be paid online through the Indian Patent Office website or by submitting a physical application form with the necessary documents and payment. Failure to pay renewal fees on time will lead to a lapse of the patent rights.

It is important to note that, in India, a patent does not enjoy perpetual protection, and it will expire after 20 years or on non-payment of renewal fees. Thus, patent holders must keep track of their filing dates and pay all relevant fees before the due date to ensure that their patents remain valid.

Rights and Responsibilities of a Patentee

  1. A patentee can control and prevent others from making, using, selling, or importing a patented invention without permission.
  2. The patentee is responsible for informing others of their rights under the granted patent and ensuring that others do not infringe upon their patent rights.
  3. A patentee also has the right to assign, transfer or license their rights in whole or part to another party with full legal authority over those rights.
  4. The patentee must authorize any modifications made by third parties before being allowed into use for any purpose whatsoever.
  5. The patentee is responsible for keeping up-to-date records of any changes in their patent status and complying with all patent laws.
  6. The patentee must also ensure that any improvements or modifications made to the invention are properly documented and presented for review.
  7. A patentee must pay any associated costs, fees, and expenses that may be incurred while maintaining their patent rights.
  8. Finally, a patentee must defend their patent against infringement claims from other parties who may seek to use the invention without permission. This includes filing counterclaims if necessary and pursuing legal action if necessary.


As we have seen, patent protection is crucial for the protection of any invention or innovation in India. It secures an inventor’s interests and investments and encourages others to innovate in sectors important for economic growth. We have reviewed all the fundamentals of patent laws in India, from what inventions can be patented to the types of patents and timelines involved.

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